Jewish cemetery in Belaya Tserkov
Sources confirm that Jews have lived in Belaya Tserkov since the 16th century. By the end of the 19th century, they made up 52.9% of the population. By 1939, the Jewish population of the city fell to 19.6%.
The history of Jewish cemeteries in Belaya Tserkov is sad. The cemetery, which existed from the moment the community appeared in the city until the early 1920s, became part of the urban landscape. A military unit was erected in its place.
They remembered about it only in 2019. Then, at the construction site of the hostel for the military, human remains were discovered. The work was suspended, and the investigation showed that the construction was on the site of a Jewish cemetery, the existence of which was not remembered for many years.
Under pressure from the Jewish community, the Ministry of Defense refused to build, the city authorities decided to create a memorial park on the site of the cemetery. The discovered remains were reburied in the existing city cemetery in March 2020. The ceremony was attended by the Ambassador of Israel.
The Nazis destroyed the cemetery, which existed before the Second World War, during the occupation. Gravestones were used as building material. In particular, the invaders made of them a fence and steps in the building, where until 1943 there were German officers.
After the war, the practice of using gravestones as fences in the city continued. Only in 2015, the community managed to agree with the authorities, and the plates were removed from the city streets and given to the Jewish community. Volunteers brought materials to the city to create crushed stone and rubble fences.
Today, there is no separate Jewish cemetery in Belaya Tserkov. However, there is a Jewish site in the city cemetery. Presumably, it was formed on the basis of the Jewish cemetery, which under the Soviet government decided to turn into a civil.
From May 2017, on the initiative of the Jewish community, work began on inventorying and restoring order in the Jewish section of the cemetery. As a result, an electronic burial ground has been created, which is available on the Internet. The earliest burials listed in the base date back to the 70s of the 19th century. On some monuments of the early twentieth century, you can only consider the date of birth.