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מאמרים

    • 01/08/2021

      Холокост в г. Старый Самбор, Украина

      Накануне Второй мировой войны в Старом Самборе насчитывалось более 2 тыс. евреев. Нацисты дважды оккупировали город. В сентябре 1939 года немецкие войска вошли в город. Евреев, праздновавших Рош га-Шана выгнали из синагоги на рыночную площадь. Угрожая оружием, нацисты заставляли евреев, закутанных в

    • 01/08/2021

      Гетто в г. Ромны, Украина

      По данным переписи 1939 года в Ромнах проживали 3,8 тыс. евреев, составлявших 14,8% городского населения. С началом советско-германской войны части евреев города Ромны удалось эвакуироваться. По данным некоторых источников, избежать оккупации удалось до 30% евреев города. Нацисты заняли Ромны 10

    • 26/07/2021

      Ghetto in Kobeliaky, Ukraine

      According to the data of 1939, about 360 Jews lived in Kobeliaky. They made up 4% of the local population. Data on those evacuated and drafted into the Red Army has not been preserved. The city was occupied in early September 1941. 10 days after the capture of the settlement, the Nazis conducted

    • 26/07/2021

      Jewish cemetery of Chisinau

      Jews have been settling in Chisinau since the 18th century. Since that time, the charter of the Jewish funeral society has been preserved. By the end of the 19th century, Jews made up over 46% of the city's population. More than 50 thousand people lived here. Sources report three Jewish cemeterie

    • 06/07/2021

      Гетто в г. Кишинев, Молдова

      По данным румынских переписей в 1930 году в Кишиневе проживало более 50 тыс. евреев. После советской оккупации в 1940 году часть кишиневских евреев были депортированы, часть призваны в Красную Армию, часть попытались эвакуироваться. Данные об убыли еврейского населения в период между советской оккуп

    • 02/07/2021

      Гетто в г. Бельцы, Молдова

      В 1930-х годах, по данным румынских переписей, на территории Белецкого района проживали 31,9 тыс. евреев. Из них 14,2 тыс. проживали в Бельцах. В городе евреи составляли 60% местного населения. В июле 1940 года Бельцы были захвачены советскими войсками. Часть евреев бежала от советской оккупации,

    • 02/07/2021

      Евреи в г. Кобеляки, Украина

      Кобеляки — районный центр, расположенный в Полтавской области Украины. Упоминается в источниках с XVII века. Статус города Кобеляки получили в XIX веке. О евреях в городе известно со второй половины XIX века, когда власти империи сняли ограничения на проживание евреев в Полтавской губернии. По ин

    • 27/06/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Tukums, Latvia

      Tukums is a Latvian city where Jews have settled since the end of the 18th century. By the middle of the 19th century, their number was 47% of the population, and by the 1930s, it had decreased to 12%. The Jewish cemetery in the city is located at the end of Klusa Street and has existed since 179

    • 27/06/2021

      Holocaust in Tukums, Latvia

      Jews have been settling in the city of Tukums since the end of the 18th century. By the 1930s, they made up 12% of the urban population and controlled 40% of local businesses. Ethnic Germans made up 10% of the city's population. Relations between Germans and Jews were normal until 1933. After the es

    • 21/06/2021

      Евреи в г. Кишинев, Молдова

      Кишинев — экономический и культурный центр Молдавии. Поселение на месте будущего города возникло в XV веке. Спустя столетие в Бессарабии появились евреи. Первые письменные упоминания о еврейской общине в Кишиневе датированы XVIII веком. О евреях упоминается в «Хронике романо-молдо-валахов» Кантемира

    • 21/06/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Balti, Moldova

      Balti is a city in Moldova where Jews have settled since the 70s of the 18th century. On the eve of World War II, they made up 60% of the local population. By the 1970s, the number of Jews had decreased to 12%, and after the mass emigration of the late 1980s and early 1990s, it became even smaller.

    • 16/06/2021

      Jews in Nevel, Pskov region, Russia

      Nevel is the administrative center of the eponymous district of the Pskov region. Founded in the 16th century. In the 17th-18th centuries, Russia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth fought for control over Nevel. Since 1772, the settlement has been under the control of the Russian Empire. A year

    • 15/06/2021

      Ghetto in Mogilev-Podolsky, Ukraine

      On the eve of the war, Jews constituted 39.8% of the population of Mogilev-Podolsk. With the outbreak of hostilities, part of the Jewish population tried to leave the city. However, the single-track line leading to the Zhmerinka junction turned out to be overloaded with retreating troops. There was

    • 07/06/2021

      Cemetery in Slavuta, Ukraine

      Slavuta is a city in the Khmelnytsky region of Ukraine. Jews have lived here since the 18th century. In the 1920s, they accounted for more than 40% of the local townspeople. There are two Jewish cemeteries in Slavuta. The old one is located along Revolutsyi Street. It is not separated by a wall o

    • 07/06/2021

      Jews in Balti, Moldova

      Balti is a regional center of Moldova with a population of over 144 thousand people. Founded in the 15th century. It was part of the Moldavian principality. Since 1812 - part of the Russian Empire. From 1918 to the mid-1940s - part of Romania. In 1779, the authorities invited Jewish merchants to

    • 31/05/2021

      Ghetto in Mogilev-Podolsky, Ukraine

      On the eve of the war, Jews constituted 39.8% of the population of Mogilev-Podolsk. With the outbreak of hostilities, part of the Jewish population tried to leave the city. However, the single-track line leading to the Zhmerinka junction turned out to be overloaded with retreating troops. There was

    • 31/05/2021

      Ghetto in Nevel, Pskov region, Russia

      Nevel is a city in the Pskov region of Russia. Jews have settled here since the 17th century. By 1939, 3.1 thousand Jews lived in Nevel. They made up 20% of the local population. No information about those drafted into the army and evacuated has survived. According to the recollections of a ghett

    • 24/05/2021

      Jews in Slavuta, Ukraine

      Slavuta is a city in the Khmelnytskyi region of Ukraine. It was first mentioned in sources in the 17th century. In 1793 it was annexed by the Russian Empire. It entered the Pale of Settlement. The first mentions of Jews in Slavuta date back to the 1730s. By this time, there was already a synagogu

    • 24/05/2021

      Ghetto in Slavuta, Ukraine

      According to statistics from 1939, more than 5 thousand Jews lived in Slavuta. They made up 33% of the local population. On the eve of the occupation, part of the city's Jews were evacuated. The city was captured in early July 1941. Taking control of Slavuta, the Nazis created a "Jewish committee

    • 17/05/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Comrat, Moldova

      Comrat is a city in Moldova with a population of 20.1 thousand people. Before World War II, just over 300 Jews lived here. After mass emigration in the 1990s, there was practically no Jewish population left. The Jewish cemetery in the city was in a deplorable state until 2020. According to resear