» מאמרים

מאמרים

    • 24/09/2020

      Гетто в г. Днепропетровске

      Согласно переписи населения 1939 года в Днепропетровске проживало 85,5 тыс. евреев. Они составляли 18% местных жителей. Кроме того, город был центром еврейства региона. В нем было сосредоточено 65% евреев области. Эвакуация в городе была объявлена лишь 7 августа 1941 года. Выехать из города можно

    • 23/09/2020

      Шаргородское гетто

      Накануне войны евреи составляли более 70% населения Шаргорода. С началом военных действий часть мужского населения города была призвана в Красную армию. В связи с быстрым наступлением немецких войск эвакуация не проводилась. К моменту захвата города в июле 1941 года здесь оставалось 1,8 тыс. евреев.

    • 22/09/2020

      Евреи в г. Ветка, Беларусь

      Ветка — центр одноименного района Гомельской области Беларуси. Статус города получил в 1925 году. Основан населенный пункт в XVII веке староверами, бежавшими из центральной России. Нет точных данных относительно того, когда в Ветке появились евреи. Известно, что в конце XVIII века здесь была сина

    • 21/09/2020

      Евреи в г. Шаргород, Винницкая обл., Украина

      Шаргород — центр одноименного района, расположенный в 90 км от Винницы. Поселение здесь возникло в конце XV века. В XVI веке польский король Стефан Баторий повелел на месте поселения возвести замок. В 1588 году город получил Магдебургское право. Спустя год в городе была построена синагога, котора

    • 16/09/2020

      Jews in Mazyr, Belarus

      Mazyr is the center of the eponymous district of the Gomel region of Belarus. It was first mentioned in written sources from the XII century. The Belarusian legend deduces the name of the city from the name of the Jew Mazyr. According to legend, he was a merchant and was traveling with goods to K

    • 15/09/2020

      Jews in Zhlobin, Belarus

      Zhlobin is the center of the district of the same name and the third most populous city in the Gomel region of Belarus. It has been known in sources since the 15th century. Sources mention the presence of Jews in the village since the 17th century. It is known that in the 1760s a Jewish pogrom was s

    • 12/09/2020

      Jews in Dnipro, Ukraine

      Dnipro is the fourth most populous and the second largest city in Ukraine. Until 1926, it was called Yekaterinoslav, until 2016 - Dnepropetrovsk. The settlement emerged in the 1770s. Jews began to settle in it almost from the moment the city appeared on the map. In 1791, the Russian Empress Cathe

    • 11/09/2020

      Jewish cemetery in Pervomaisk

      Pervomaisk is a city in the Nikolaev region of Ukraine, which arose in the 1920s as a result of the unification of three settlements: Golta, Bogopol and Olviopol. The largest Jewish population at the time of the formation of Pervomaisk lived in Bogopol. In v.4. of "Jewish Encyclopedia" edited by

    • 10/09/2020

      Еврейское кладбище г. Бар

      Jewish cemetery in Bar Bar is a city in the Vinnitsa region of Ukraine. By the beginning of the 20th century, Jews constituted more than half of the urban population. There were several synagogues and a Jewish cemetery. During the first half of the twentieth century, the Jewish population of the

    • 09/09/2020

      Holocaust in Pervomaisk

      The city of Pervomaisk was occupied in early August 1941. By the end of August, the city was divided into two parts. The Romanians got the right-bank part - Golta. It became part of Transnistria. The Germans controlled the left-bank part of the city (Bogopol and Olviopol). According to the calcul

    • 07/09/2020

      Ghetto in Krychaw

      At the beginning of the twentieth century, Jews constituted a third of the population of the Belarusian Krychaw. More than 2.5 thousand of them lived here; there were several synagogues and a number of Jewish organizations. Data on those drafted into the army and evacuated from the city has not b

    • 07/09/2020

      Jews in Pervomaisk

      Pervomaisk is a southern Ukrainian city located in the Nikolaev region of Ukraine. It was formed in the 1920s by combining three settlements: Golta, Bogopol and Olviopol. With the unification, the railway station was named after Golta. Olviopol received the status of a county town in the 18th cen

    • 04/09/2020

      Jews of Troitsk, Russia

      The city of Troitsk in the South Ural was founded in 1743. Jews appeared in the city in the 19th century. Troitsk was not part of the Pale of Settlement, so the Jews appeared here in several ways. First, as exiles. So, in 1806, a group of Jews was expelled from St. Petersburg to the South Ural

    • 04/09/2020

      Ghetto in Usvyaty urban locality, Pskov region

      Usvyaty is an urban-type settlement in the Pskov region, not far from the border with Belarus. According to data from 1939, 136 Jews lived in the village. In the early days of the war, the population increased due to the evacuees and was, according to rough estimates, about 550 people. The Nazis

    • 21/08/2020

      Ghetto in Bar

      According to 1939 data, 3.8 thousand Jews lived in Bar. With the outbreak of hostilities, the number of the Jewish population increased at the expense of refugees, since the authorities assured that the enemy would not reach Bar and would be stopped at the “old border” in the Proskurov area (now Khm

    • 21/08/2020

      Jewish cemetery in Troitsk

      The southern Ural city of Troitsk was outside the Pale of Settlement. Therefore, the Jewish population appeared in the city from the middle of the 19th century. The Jewish community began to form in the second half of the 19th century. By the beginning of the twentieth century, the number of Jews in

    • 20/08/2020

      "The Dead Loop" in Bratslav

      In the 19th century, Bratslav was one of the centers of Hasidism. Jews made up 40% of the town's inhabitants. In the twentieth century, the Jewish population declined. By 1939, more than 1,000 Jews lived here, accounting for a quarter of the local population. The city was occupied in July 1941. I

    • 20/08/2020

      Jewish cemetery of Yelsk (new and old cemetery)

      Belarusian Yelsk has been known in sources since the 16th century. The Jewish community appeared here at the end of the 19th century. By the 1930s, just over 1,000 Jews lived in the city. In the 21st century, only a few Jews remained in Yelsk. There is no registered Jewish community. There are tw

    • 19/08/2020

      Jewish cemetery in Krychaw

      Jews have been settling in Krychaw since the 15th century. By the end of the 19th century, 2.5 thousand Jews lived here, who made up 38.6% of the local population. At the beginning of the 20th century, the city had 5 synagogues and a Jewish cemetery. After 1918, all cemeteries became communal pro

    • 19/08/2020

      Jews of Bar, Vinnitsa region, Ukraine

      Bar is the administrative center of the eponymous district of Vinnitsa region of Ukraine. In 1533, the Polish queen Bona Sforza ordered to build a castle here. In honor of her hometown of Bari, the castle was named Bar. By 1540, construction was completed. In the same year, King Sigismund issued