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מאמרים

    • 12/04/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Ovruch, Ukraine

      Ovruch is a city in the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine, where Jews have lived since the 18th century. In 1918, their share in the population was 66%. By the end of the 1970s, it had dropped to 7%. In the 21st century, several dozen Jews lived in the city. According to sources, there were two Jewish c

    • 06/04/2021

      Jews in Haisyn, Ukraine

      Haisyn is a city in the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine. The settlement has been mentioned in historical documents since 1545. In 1600 it received city privileges. There is little information about the Jewish community before the 18th century. It is known that the Jews of Haisyn suffered during the Upri

    • 02/04/2021

      Евреи в г. Самара, Россия

      Самара — областной центр в Российской Федерации с населением более 1 млн человек. Город основан в 1568 году. Поскольку земли, на которых расположен город, входили в состав Хазарского каганата, среди местных евреев популярна легенда о том, что Самара названа в честь израильской Самарии. Однако исслед

    • 30/03/2021

      Гетто в г. Одесса, Украина

      По данным переписи 1939 года в городе насчитывалось 180 тыс. евреев. Они составляли почти треть городского населения. В первые дни войны еврейское население Одессы пополнилось за счет беженцев из других регионов. По подсчетам исследователей от 80 до 90 тыс. евреев смогли эвакуироваться. Евреи приним

    • 25/03/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Haisyn, Ukraine

      Haisyn is a city in the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine, where Jews have lived since the 18th century. At the end of the 19th century, they accounted for more than 50% of the population. By the end of the 1939s, their share in the population had dropped to 30%. According to local historians, there we

    • 18/03/2021

      Ghetto in Haisyn, Ukraine

      Haisyn is a settlement in the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine, in which, according to the 1939 census, 4.1 thousand Jews lived. They constituted 27.7% of the local population. Information about the number of those called up to the Red Army and evacuated has not been preserved. Nevertheless, there is

    • 11/03/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Bershad, Ukraine

      Bershad is a city in the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine, where Jews from the end of the 19th century to the end of the 1930s accounted for more than 70% of the population. There are two Jewish cemeteries in the city. The old one operated in the 17th - 19th centuries. It is known for the fact that at

    • 09/03/2021

      Ghetto in Bershad, Ukraine

      According to the 1939 census, 4.2 thousand Jews lived in Bershad, who accounted for 74% of the population. Data on the number of those evacuated and drafted into the Red Army has not been preserved. According to eyewitnesses, in the summer of 1941, German troops attacked quickly, blew up the bridge

    • 01/03/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Klintsy, Russia

      Klintsy is the center of the eponymous district of the Bryansk region of Russia. According to local historians, the first Jewish cemetery appeared here in the 1860s and existed until the 1930s. It was later demolished and no trace of it remained. A new Jewish cemetery appeared in the 1930s and ha

    • 16/02/2021

      Ghetto in Merkinė, Lithuania

      Merkinė is a city in the Alytus county of Lithuania, where a significant Jewish community lived. In the interwar period, there were seven Jewish primary schools in the city, a Jewish bank with 325 depositors. Jews owned over 140 shops, five pubs, one inn, a brick factory, and craft workshops. Aft

    • 15/02/2021

      Cemetery Yuzhnoe 2, Gomel

      One of 20 cemeteries in Gomel located along the Chernigov highway behind the village of Tsagelnya. Now, the cemetery is closed, but subburials are allowed on it. The Jewish sector of the cemetery occupies approximately 70% of the territory. It is located in the central part of Yuzhnoye 2. Accordi

    • 15/02/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Zhytomyr

      Officially, Jews received the right to settle in Zhytomyr from the beginning of the 18th century. By the end of the century, they accounted for a third of the population, and by the end of the 19th century already 46%. According to local historians, at the end of the 18th century there were three ce

    • 08/02/2021

      Jews in Merkinė, Lithuania

      Merkinė is a small town in the south of Lithuania with a population of 1.2 thousand people. It was first mentioned in written sources under 1359. In the 16th century, the city received the Magdeburg rights. Then Jews began to settle in the city. A document about the litigation of a Christian with a

    • 04/02/2021

      Ghetto in Zhytomyr, Ukraine

      According to the 1939 census, there were more than 29 thousand Jews in Zhytomyr, who made up a third of the local population. With the outbreak of hostilities, some of the Jews were mobilized into the Red Army. About 20 thousand Jews managed to evacuate. At the time of the occupation on July 7, 1941

    • 27/01/2021

      Ghetto in Novograd-Volynskiy, Ukraine

      Novograd-Volynskiy is a city in the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine, in which, according to 1939 data, lived 6.8 thousand Jews, accounting for 28.8% of the local population. Due to the rapid advance of the German forces, the evacuation was not organized properly. The last evacuation train left at the

    • 27/01/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Novograd-Volynskiy, Ukraine

      Novograd-Volynskiy (Zvyagel until the 18th century) is a city in the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine, where Jews at the end of the 18th century accounted for more than 70% of the population, and until the beginning of the 20th century, their share in the population fluctuated within 50%. The first men

    • 26/01/2021

      Jews in Zhytomyr, Ukraine

      Zhytomyr is the regional center of Ukraine. The settlement appeared here in the second half of the 9th century, and the city was first mentioned in the chronicles in 1240. During the stay of the city under the jurisdiction of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Jews were officially prohibited from s

    • 18/01/2021

      Jews in Novograd-Volynskiy, Ukraine

      Novograd-Volynsky is a regional center in the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine. Known in chronicles since 1256. Until 1795, it was called Zvyagel. The Jews in the village have been known since 1488. A document of the King of Lithuania Casimir Jagiellon about the transfer of taverns and fees to three Je

    • 15/01/2021

      Cemetery Yuzhnoe-1, Gomel

      Gomel is a Belarusian city known since the 12th century. As of early 2020, more than 0.5 million people live in it. There are more than 20 cemeteries in the city, of which only two are active. Cemetery Yuzhnoye 1, located on Ilyicha Street, belongs to completely closed cemeteries. Burials and sub

    • 04/01/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Chernigov, Ukraine

      As of 2016, there were 11 cemeteries in Chernigov. Only five of them worked. The Jewish cemetery is located on Lyubetskaya Street. It is considered the oldest surviving necropolis and the city's only confessional cemetery. The exact date of the foundation of the cemetery is unknown. It was establ