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מאמרים

    • 14/09/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Ternopil

      Ternopil is the regional center of Ukraine, where Jews have settled since the 16th century. In the 19th century, they accounted for up to 50% of the local population. There are two Jewish cemeteries in Ternopil (in Poland and Galicia - kirikut) - "Stare Okopisko", dating back to the 16th century

    • 14/09/2021

      Jews in Yelets, Lipetsk region, Russia

      Yelets is the center of the eponymous district of the Lipetsk region of Russia. It has been mentioned in sources since the XII century. In the 18th century, it received the status of a city. From the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century, it was the district town of the Oryol Governorate. Yel

    • 06/09/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Yelets, Lipetsk region, Russia

      Yelets was beyond the Pale of Settlement. Jews have settled in the city since the 19th century. According to the 1897 census, 764 Jews lived in Yelets. By the 1970s, the number of Jews had dropped to 0.2%. 195 Jews lived in the city. The Jewish cemetery appeared in the city at the beginning of th

    • 06/09/2021

      Jews in Staryi Sambir, Ukraine

      Staryi Sambir is a settlement in the Lviv region of Ukraine. In sources, it is known from the XI century as Sambir. Destroyed during the Mongol-Tatar invasion. Some of the townspeople moved to the town of Pogonich, calling it Novyi Sambir. Over time, Novyi Sambir began to be called Sambir, and the o

    • 31/08/2021

      Еврейский Петриков

      Петриков — центр одноименного района Гомельской области в Беларуси с населением более 10 тыс. человек. Согласно преданиям, основан в Х веке. По письменным источникам известен с XVI века, когда князь Юрий Олелькович построил деревянный замок, вокруг которого возникло местечко. Находился в составе

    • 31/08/2021

      Гетто в г. Тернополь, Украина

      Тернополь — областной центр Украины, в котором евреи селились с XVI века. В 1939 году на момент первой советской оккупации в городе проживало 18 тыс. евреев. К 1940 году еврейское население увеличилось за счет беженцев из польских земель, оккупированных нацистами. По подсчетам историков на момент

    • 25/08/2021

      Jews in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

      Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyzstan with a population of over 1 million people. Founded in 1878 as Pishpek. From 1926 to 1992, it was called Frunze, then Bishkek. Ashkenazi Jews appeared in Kyrgyzstan along with the Russian colonial authorities. These were Russified Jews, oriented towards a secu

    • 25/08/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Romny, Ukraine

      Romny is a city in the Sumy region of Ukraine, where Jews settled from the beginning of the 19th century. The city's community reached its maximum size in the first decades of the twentieth century. Then Jews accounted for more than 40% of urban residents. By 1939, the number of Jews had dropped to

    • 16/08/2021

      Jews in Mumbai, India

      Mumbai (Bombay until 1995) is the second most populous city in India and the seventh most populous city in the world. Jews have been settling in the city since the 18th century. The Jewish population of Mumbai consisted of several groups: • Bene Israel According to legend, in the 2nd centur

    • 16/08/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Staryi Sambir, Ukraine

      Staryi Sambir is a settlement in the Lviv region of Ukraine, where Jews were allowed to settle since the 16th century. In the first decades of the twentieth century, they accounted for up to 80% of the city's population. The Jewish cemetery in Staryi Sambir dates back to the middle of the 16th ce

    • 09/08/2021

      Southwestern Cemetery in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

      Jews have been settling in Bishkek since the end of the 19th century. The Jewish community of Bishkek increased significantly in the 20th century with the advent of Soviet power and evacuation during the Second World War. The Jews did not have a separate cemetery. According to eyewitnesses, during t

    • 09/08/2021

      Jews in Romny, Ukraine

      Romny is the center of the eponymous district in the Sumy region of Ukraine. It is mentioned in sources since the XI century. Documentary evidence of the existence of the community in Romny dates back to the beginning of the 19th century. At the end of the 18th century, the Cossack Colonel Andrei M

    • 01/08/2021

      Холокост в г. Старый Самбор, Украина

      Накануне Второй мировой войны в Старом Самборе насчитывалось более 2 тыс. евреев. Нацисты дважды оккупировали город. В сентябре 1939 года немецкие войска вошли в город. Евреев, праздновавших Рош га-Шана выгнали из синагоги на рыночную площадь. Угрожая оружием, нацисты заставляли евреев, закутанных в

    • 01/08/2021

      Гетто в г. Ромны, Украина

      По данным переписи 1939 года в Ромнах проживали 3,8 тыс. евреев, составлявших 14,8% городского населения. С началом советско-германской войны части евреев города Ромны удалось эвакуироваться. По данным некоторых источников, избежать оккупации удалось до 30% евреев города. Нацисты заняли Ромны 10

    • 26/07/2021

      Ghetto in Kobeliaky, Ukraine

      According to the data of 1939, about 360 Jews lived in Kobeliaky. They made up 4% of the local population. Data on those evacuated and drafted into the Red Army has not been preserved. The city was occupied in early September 1941. 10 days after the capture of the settlement, the Nazis conducted

    • 26/07/2021

      Jewish cemetery of Chisinau

      Jews have been settling in Chisinau since the 18th century. Since that time, the charter of the Jewish funeral society has been preserved. By the end of the 19th century, Jews made up over 46% of the city's population. More than 50 thousand people lived here. Sources report three Jewish cemeterie

    • 06/07/2021

      Ghetto in Chisinau, Moldova

      According to the Romanian census in 1930, more than 50 thousand Jews lived in Chisinau. After the Soviet occupation in 1940, some of the Chisinau Jews were deported, some were drafted into the Red Army, and some tried to evacuate. There is no data on the decline of the Jewish population between the

    • 02/07/2021

      Ghetto in Balti, Moldova

      In the 1930s, according to Romanian censuses, 31,900 Jews lived in the Balti district. 14.2 thousand of them lived in Balti. In the city, Jews made up 60% of the local population. In July 1940, Balti was captured by Soviet troops. Some of the Jews fled from the Soviet occupation, leaving their home

    • 02/07/2021

      Евреи в г. Кобеляки, Украина

      Кобеляки — районный центр, расположенный в Полтавской области Украины. Упоминается в источниках с XVII века. Статус города Кобеляки получили в XIX веке. О евреях в городе известно со второй половины XIX века, когда власти империи сняли ограничения на проживание евреев в Полтавской губернии. По ин

    • 27/06/2021

      Jewish cemetery in Tukums, Latvia

      Tukums is a Latvian city where Jews have settled since the end of the 18th century. By the middle of the 19th century, their number was 47% of the population, and by the 1930s, it had decreased to 12%. The Jewish cemetery in the city is located at the end of Klusa Street and has existed since 179