» Articles


    • 23/11/2022

      Евреи Новороссийска

      Город был основан вначале как военная крепость в 1838 году, но свое название получил лишь спустя год. Со временем, по мере развития, примерно в середине 1860-х, Новороссийск уже был определен как центр Черноморского округа Кубани. Географически современный Новороссийск расположен на юго-западе Красн

    • 14/11/2022

      Propoysk: Jewish history

      The former Propoysk was renamed Slavgorod in 1945. This Belarusian town is located about 70 kilometers from Mogilev. The first mention of it contains the Charter of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania of 1136. According to legend, the name of the city is associated with the small river Pronya flowing nearb

    • 07/11/2022

      Cemetery in Propoysk

      The small Belarusian town of Propoysk is known from the historical documents of the Smolensk Principality, dating back to about the 12th century. They say that this name came from the Old Slavonic word "propoy", which meant a whirlpool in the place where two rivers converged. Jews have been here sin

    • 01/11/2022

      Ghetto in Propoysk

      The occupation of Propoysk (Mogilev region of Belarus, now Slavgorod) began in August 1941 and lasted more than two years - until November 1943. However, the Jews of this town were not destined to wait for its liberation from the Nazis. The Germans appointed Hans, a Volksdeutsche from the Volga r

    • 25/10/2022

      Jewish Lokhvytsia

      The first mention of Lokhvytsia dates back to the 1300s. In the late 1660s, Lokhvytsia, then just a large village, became part of the Russian Empire. The impetus for the development of Lokhvytsia as a city was the receipt in 1644 of the Magdeburg Law. Since the 17th century, Jews began to settle

    • 18/10/2022

      Jewish cemeteries in Lokhvytsia

      According to eyewitnesses, the boundaries of the cemetery, in comparison with 1939, have significantly decreased due to nearby buildings and agricultural land. During and after World War II, the cemetery succumbed to acts of vandalism. Local authorities, as well as representatives of the Lokhvyts

    • 12/10/2022

      Ghetto in Lokhvytsia

      The black page in the history of the Jewish community of the small town of Lokhvytsia in the present Poltava region was the German occupation. The Germans occupied Lokhvytsia in early September 1941 and immediately began to establish their "new order". According to the last census in 1939, Jews made

    • 03/10/2022

      Jewish cemetery in Smalyavichy

      According to Jewish canons, the land in the cemetery is considered holy. Each tombstone and the cemetery as a whole are inviolable as long as its location is known. In recent decades, the preserved part of the Jewish cemetery in Smalyavichy has been restored and is a local landmark. It is located to

    • 27/09/2022

      Smalyavichy and its Jews

      The town of Smalyavichy is a small Jewish shtetl near Minsk in the past. The earliest mention of Smalyavichy dates back to 1448 and is in one of the charters issued at a time when this land was under the rule of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It is believed that the name of the place comes from the w

    • 22/09/2022

      Ghetto in Smalyavichy

      German troops occupied Belarusian Smalyavichy at the end of June 1941. The occupation lasted three years - until July 1944, and entered the history of the Jewish population of the town as its most tragic period. From the first days of the capture of Smalyavichy, the entire Jewish population was

    • 13/09/2022

      Jewish shtetl in Polonne

      This small regional center in the Khmelnytskyi region (Ukraine) was once a significant trade and craft center in the western part of the Russian Empire. This town owes its status to a large Jewish community. Throughout its history, Polonne has seen both development and prosperity, as well as tragic

    • 06/09/2022

      Jewish shtetl in Polonne

      This small regional center in the Khmelnytskyi region (Ukraine) was once a significant trade and craft center in the western part of the Russian Empire. This town owes its status to a large Jewish community. Throughout its history, Polonne has seen both development and prosperity, as well as tragic

    • 30/08/2022

      Jewish cemetery in Uzda

      The small district center Uzda in the Minsk region, located near the river Uzdyanka, was once a shtetl densely populated by Jews. According to the surviving information, in the early 1880s there were 134 households in Uzda, 102 of which belonged to Jews. And by the end of the 1890s, more than 2,000

    • 26/08/2022

      Jewish ghetto in Uzda

      The Jews of the small shtetl Uzda, not far from Minsk, felt the threat of the approaching war as early as September 1939. Then several Jewish refugee families from the German-occupied regions of Poland arrived in the town. Feeling the attitude of the Nazis towards the Jews, they warned the Uzda peop

    • 16/08/2022

      Jewish cemetery in Polonne

      Polonne is a small regional center in the Khmelnytskyi region, which has a long and, at times, tragic history associated with Jewry. This place owes its formation and development to a large Jewish community, which in the mid-1600s was cфonsidered one of the most numerous in the Volyn region of the R

    • 08/08/2022

      Jewish city Uzda

      Uzda is a small Jewish town not far from Minsk, located near the Uzdyanka River. Information about it dates back to about 1450, when the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth dominated here. Uzda was indeed considered Jewish, since 102 out of 134 households in 1884 were Jewish. And in 1897, 2,068 out of 2,

    • 13/06/2022

      Cemetery in Pinsk along Spokoynaya Street

      There were several Jewish cemeteries in Pinsk. One of them was located near the Shkolnyi Dvor. The People of Pinsk called him "Pokopisha", "Spokopishche". The very first one was built at the beginning of the 16th century, it was located between Zavalnaya and Kotlyarskaya streets. Zvi Hirsh, who was

    • 30/05/2022

      Jews in Pinsk

      The Jewish community in the city dates back to 1506. Those families who left Lithuania in 1495 settled here. They had their own synagogue and cemetery. In 1560, 275 Jews lived here, in 1648 there were already about 1,000. The Jews were tenants, collected duties, taxes, traded wholesale grain, tim

    • 17/05/2022

      Ghetto in Pinsk

      The Nazis entered Pinsk at the beginning of July 1941. Before the war, 22,149 Jews lived here. Only a part of them were evacuated by the time of the German occupation. Refugees who moved from other settlements lived in the city. Already in August, the invaders shot many people. Under the exterminati

    • 10/05/2022

      Jewish cemetery in Brest, Belarus

      Jews settled in Brest from the 14th century. The city had a Jewish cemetery, which turned out to be overcrowded by the 19th century. In 1795 the city came under the control of the Russian Empire. On the site of the old city and the Jewish cemetery, the imperial authorities decided to build a fortres