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    • 06/07/2020

      Еврейский Николаев

      Николаев — город на юге Украины, который был основан в конце XVIII века. Евреи здесь селились с момента закладки города. Они приезжали из Галиции, становились подрядчиками на судостроительных верфях черноморского флота и занимались ремеслом. О роли евреев в городской экономике свидетельствует ист

    • 01/07/2020

      Еврейский город Караганда

        Первые евреи появились в Казахстане в 1860-х годах. Но Караганда как поселок возникла в начале ХХ века, а статус города получила в 1934 году. Поэтому появление здесь евреев связано со стройками пятилеток, ссылками политзаключенных и кампанией по поднятию целины. После революции евреи по

    • 30/06/2020

      Гетто в Чечерске

      Чечерск — небольшой городок на территории Гомельской области. В регионе по данным 1939 года евреи были второй  по численности, после белорусов, этнической группой. В области проживало приблизительно 20,9 тыс. евреев. В самом Чечерске еврейское население составляло 20% местных жителей. По пер

    • 25/06/2020

      Jewish cemetery in Chechersk

      Chechersk is a district center located in the Gomel region of Belarus. The Jewish population has been present here since the end of the 18th century. By the end of the 19th century, Jews made up more than 60% of the city’s population. In the twentieth century, the population of the city decreased

    • 24/06/2020

      Jewish Chechersk

      Chechersk is the district center of the Gomel region of Belarus, known since the 12th century. According to 2009 data, four Jews lived in it, which amounted to 0.05% of the townspeople. Jews settled in Chechersk between 1569 and 1667 - a period when Jewish settlements appeared in large numbers on

    • 23/06/2020

      Khotimsk ghetto

      Khotimsk is an urban-type settlement in the Mogilev region of Belarus. At the end of the XIX century, 2.7 thousand Jews lived here, who made up a third of the local population. Until 1929, there was a synagogue and three houses of worship in the village. Until 1938, a school with teaching in Yiddish

    • 22/06/2020

      Gomel ghetto

      In the Gomel region, Jews were the second largest group of people after Belarusians. According to 1939, about 40.8 thousand Jews lived in Gomel, which made up 29.9% of the townspeople. By the beginning of the occupation in August 1941, the number of Jews in Gomel had increased to 44 thousand due to

    • 21/06/2020

      Jewish Poltava

      The number of Jews in Poltava never exceeded 20% of the population in the history of demographic observations. At the same time, relations with the non-Jewish population developed peacefully. It is enough to say that in the 19th century the Jew Abraham Zelensky was the mayor of the city, in the 1860

    • 18/06/2020

      Holocaust in Klintsy

      According to the census of 1897, about 2 thousand Jews lived in Klintsy. By 1939, the number of Klintsy Jews increased to 6.5 thousand. By the time of the occupation of the city in August 1941, some Jews had been drafted into the Red Army, some were evacuated. As in other settlements of the USSR,

    • 15/06/2020

      Holocaust in Belaya Tserkov

      According to the 1939 census, there were 9.2 thousand Jews in the city. After the war began, some of them were drafted into the Red Army, some managed to leave for evacuation. According to researchers, no more than 4,500 Jews remained in the city. In addition, Belaya Tserkov was a place where Jews f

    • 11/06/2020

      Ghetto in Lviv

      The Lviv ghetto was the largest in the occupied territory of the USSR and the third largest in Europe after Warsaw and Lodz. During the occupation, it contained approximately 138.7 thousand Jews. By 1939, about 110 thousand Jews lived in Lviv. By 1941, according to historians, about 100 thousand

    • 10/06/2020

      Yanivsky cemetery in Lviv

      Yanivsky cemetery is one of the central necropolises of Lviv, where many famous citizens are buried. The New Jewish cemetery became part of it in the 1960s. Since then, the two concepts have been inseparable for Jews, although the Jewish cemetery has its own history. The first mention of the Jewi

    • 09/06/2020

      Jewish Lviv

      About Jews in Lviv known since the XIV century. There were two communities here: one in the Krakow suburb, and the other in the Jewish quarter of the city. The communities had separate synagogues and institutions. Only the cemetery was common. It is also known that until the 15th century karaites li

    • 07/06/2020

      Jewish cemetery in Belaya Tserkov

      Sources confirm that Jews have lived in Belaya Tserkov since the 16th century. By the end of the 19th century, they made up 52.9% of the population. By 1939, the Jewish population of the city fell to 19.6%. The history of Jewish cemeteries in Belaya Tserkov is sad. The cemetery, which existed fro

    • 05/06/2020

      Ghetto in Mogilev

      According to the data of 1939, 19.7 thousand Jews lived in the city. It is unknown how many of them were drafted into the Red Army, and how many managed to evacuate. The 1941 information on Mogilev and surrounding areas has been preserved. By the beginning of the German invasion, the total populatio

    • 02/06/2020

      Ghetto in Bykhov

      In 1939, Jews accounted for 20.8% of the more than 11 thousand Bykhov citizens. By the beginning of 1940, about 3.5 thousand Jewish refugees from Polish lands arrived in the Mogilev region. Some of them settled in Bykhov. The city was occupied from July 1941 to June 1944. Due to the rapid movemen

    • 01/06/2020

      Cemetery in Bykhov

      The fact that the Jewish community existed in the city is known from sources of the 17th century. The Jewish population of Bykhov in various periods of history amounted to half of the townspeople. There were several synagogues and Jewish cemeteries. By the 1920s, Jews made up 33.6% of the city’s

    • 31/05/2020

      Jewish cemetery in Bobruisk (Minskaya st.)

      There was a saying that it is also difficult to imagine Moscow without the Kremlin, like Bobruisk without the Jews. By the end of the 19th century, more than 20 thousand Jews (60% of the townspeople) lived here, 42 synagogues worked, several cemeteries functioned. According to tradition, members of

    • 28/05/2020

      Jewish Bykhov

      Bykhov is a settlement in the Mogilev region, which has been known since the XIV century. Over the course of 200 years, it changed several owners: Drutskie and Gashtold (XIV-XV centuries), Khodkevich (XVI century), Sapieha (XVII century). At the beginning of the XVII century, Hetman Khodkevich bu

    • 27/05/2020

      Jewish professions

      For an unprepared person, the phrase “Jewish professions” is a set of stereotypes about the areas of activity that Jews once engaged in. During the scattering period, they were forbidden to acquire and cultivate land, so they mastered other areas of economic activity: trade, usury, craft, art and me