Jewish cemetery, Perm, Russia
The city of Perm was outside the Pale of Settlement. Therefore, Jews appeared there in the 19th century. The community did not have a separate necropolis, but, along with Muslims and Catholics, had a site at the Yegoshikhinskoye cemetery, which the locals also call the Old Cemetery.
The cemetery itself was founded in 1783 and covers an area of about 50 hectares. The Jewish site, also called Beit Kvarot, covers 0.6 hectares. It appeared after 1840.
The cemetery is considered to be Jewish conventionally. Not only members of the Jewish religious community were buried on it, but also former cantonists who remained in Perm after the service. Some of them converted to Orthodoxy during their lifetime, but after death, they were buried in the Jewish section of the cemetery.
Since the Jewish cemetery has been operating continuously since the 19th century, the tradition of gender division has been preserved there. On the left side of the main path, men were buried, and on the right, women. In addition, the cemetery is interesting with ancient tombstones, which not only differ from the others in height, for which the locals call them "skyscrapers", but also the preserved images of the menorah and hands.
For a long time, only members of a small Jewish community looked after the cemetery. Therefore, in the 1980s, it suffered at the hands of "gold diggers" who plundered old Jewish graves. In May 1993, the Perm Regional Council adopted a resolution by which the Yegoshikhinskoye cemetery was taken under protection. The decree also applies to the Jewish section. Its condition in the document was called unsatisfactory.
The cemetery is cataloged. There are more than 450 graves on it, on which chronological and anthropometric data are completely or partially missing. Only 34 of these partially preserved anthropometric data. Chronologically unidentified graves belong to different periods. There are burials of the second half of the 19th century, for example, the graves of Rivka Shmaryaevna, who died in 1871, or Yekutiel Itskhak Nakhmanovich, who died in 1873, and the burials of the 20th century, for example, Leia Moshkovna in 1944 and Genya Khaimovna in 1953.
There are also 937 graves in the electronic catalog, where you can read anthroponomical data and fully or partially chronological.
In the surviving graves, anthroponomical data are divided into two types: with a full indication of the name, surname and patronymic, for example, Alevi Iser Benjaminovich (1879 of death) and an abbreviated spelling. For example, Yankelevich T.F. (1906 burial year).